Medical Services of India,G-8/B sector 39, E Block, Sector 40, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201301

Gastroenterology

What is Gastroenterology?

Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders. In the United States, gastroenterology is an internal medicine subspecialty certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) and the American Osteopathic Board of Internal Medicine (AOBIM).

Who should consider Gastroenterology Surgery?

Gastrointestinal disorders include such conditions as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, perianal infections, diverticular diseases, colitis, colon polyps and cancer. Many of these can be prevented or minimized by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, practicing good bowel habits, and submitting to cancer screening..

Weight loss and change in bowel habit are the alarming symptoms for gastroenterology. Apart from these, there are some conditions where the patient is required to consult a specialist –

  • Constipation
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Blood in the stool
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or Acid Reflux
medical treatments in India

Gastroenterology Disorders

  • Bowel and colon cancers
  • Biliary tract disease
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Cholecystitis
  • Gastric cancers
  • Hepatitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Colon polyps
  • Esophageal cancers
  • Cancer and gall bladder stones
  • Achalasia
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Malabsorption and nutritional problems
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux

Types of Gastrointestinal Surgery

  • Mediastinal masses
  • Achalasia
  • Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPR)
  • Paraesophageal hernias, hiatal hernias and ventral hernias
  • Gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) or severe heartburn
  • GIST and other stomach tumors
  • Esophageal disease
  • Anorectal disease including rectal prolapse, incontinence
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
  • Enterocutaneous fistula and short bowel syndrome

The extent and type of GI (Gastrointestinal Surgery) largely depend upon the location and the size of the cancer. Gastrointestinal surgery could be the only treatment and can also be performed along with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

  • Gallbladder Cancer: Surgery is used for treating the early stages of gallbladder cancers.
  • Stomach Cancer: Gastrectomy is the procedure by which the stomach cancer is treated. Partial gastrectomy is used for removing a part of the stomach. The remaining part of the stomach is connected with esophagus to the small intestine.
  • Liver Cancer:Hepatectomy is the surgical procedure for removing the parts of liver. 80% of the liver can be removed if the rest liver tissue is healthy. The left part of the liver helps in proper functioning of the liver.
  • Pancreatic Cancer: Whipple procedure is used for treating pancreatic cancer in order to remove the first part of the small intestine, head of the pancreas, part of the stomach and the bile duct. The tail and body of the spleen and the pancreas can be removed with the help of a distal pancreatectomy procedure.
  • Esophageal Cancer: A part or the entire esophagus can be removed with the help of esophagectomy procedure. This is done for treating the esophageal cancer.
  • Colorectal Cancer: The removal of the rectum or a segment of the colon and the 2 remaining ends are reconnected for the purpose of treating the colorectal cancer. The colostomy is the rare procedure by which a new path is created for taking out the waste products. An opening is made in the abdomen for connecting the opening with the intestine. A bag is then fitted in the opening in order to collect the waste.

Diseases of the Small Intestine

  • Obscure bleeding and Diverticulosis
  • Mal Absorption Syndrome
  • Tuberculosis

Diseases of the Duodenum and Stomach

  • Obscure bleeding and Diverticulosis
  • Mal Absorption Syndrome
  • Tuberculosis

Diseases of the Gall Bladder

  • Cancer of the Bladder
  • Cholecystitis
  • Stone diseases

Diseases of the Colon

  • Tuberculosis
  • Inflammantory Bowel Disease
  • Cancer and Diverticulosis

Diseases of the Esophagus

  • Achalasia Cardia
  • Variceal Bleeding
  • Foreign body removal
  • Malignant and benign strictures

Diseases of the Pancreas

  • Pseudo Pancreatic Cyst
  • Pancreas Cancer
  • Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Acute Pancreatitis

Diseases of the Liver

  • Cirrhosis
  • Acute Hepatitis
  • Amoebic Abscess
  • Chronic Hepatitis
  • Liver Cancer

Gastronology: Condition & Treatment

Esophageal cancer is a malignant tumor of the esophagus, the muscular tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach. There are two major types of esophageal cancers: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.

Read More

Endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person's digestive tract. Using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, your doctor can view pictures of your digestive tract on a color TV monitor.

Read More

Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder that leads to abdominal pain and cramping, changes in bowel movement, and other symptoms.

Read More

A hernia is a “defect” or weakness in the abdominal wall. There are several locations and types of hernias, the common areas being the groin (inguinal or femoral), belly button (umbilical), above or below the belly button (ventral), and the site of a previous operation (incisional).

Read More

The gall bladder is a small bag, roughly the shape and size of a pear that sits underneath the liver, on the right side of the abdomen. Its main purpose is to store and concentrate bile produced by the liver. Bile is released from the gallbladder after eating, aiding digestion. Bile travels through common bile ducts (CBD) into the small intestine.

Read More

TCirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, after which the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form.

Read More

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a group of intestinal disorders that cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract.The digestive tract comprises the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. It’s responsible for breaking down food, extracting the nutrients, and removing any unusable material and waste products.

Read More


  Recommended Gastroenterologist